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Table 3 Multiple logistic regressions predicting Historical, Interpersonal, and Imaginary comparison standards for ratings of health, fatigue, and pain

From: Do people with arthritis differ from healthy controls in their internal comparison standards for self-reports of health, fatigue, and pain?

 

Historical

Interpersonal

Imaginary

OR

95% CI

OR

95% CI

OR

95% CI

Health

 Group (arthritis vs healthy controls)

3.56***

2.20–5.78

1.36

0.82–2.27

0.66

0.35–1.24

 Health rating (z-scores)

0.81*

0.66–1.00

1.33*

1.05–1.69

0.77

0.58–1.02

 Female gender

0.59**

0.41–0.85

0.73

0.49–1.09

1.02

0.63–1.66

 Age (linear effect per 10-years)

0.77***

0.67–0.89

0.84*

0.73–0.98

0.91

0.76–1.10

 White race

1.16

0.70–1.92

1.77

0.96–3.25

1.21

0.62–2.33

 Hispanic

1.63

0.88–3.04

0.99

0.46–2.10

0.95

0.41–2.21

 High socioeconomic status

0.97

0.66–1.45

1.91*

1.17–3.12

0.67

0.40–1.11

Fatigue

 Group (arthritis vs healthy controls)

1.29

0.83–1.99

1.37

0.62–3.02

0.88

0.48–1.65

 Fatigue rating (z-scores)

1.53***

1.26–1.85

1.12

0.82–1.53

1.45**

1.11–1.90

 Female gender

0.79

0.55–1.14

0.52*

0.28–0.97

0.84

0.50–1.41

 Age (linear effect per 10-years)

1.04

0.90–1.19

0.56***

0.44–0.72

0.84

0.69–1.01

 White race

1.58

0.96–2.58

1.02

0.46–2.26

1.41

0.71–2.81

 Hispanic

1.39

0.70–2.73

1.25

0.47–3.29

1.02

0.39–2.62

 High socioeconomic status

1.51*

1.02–2.21

1.21

0.60–2.41

0.70

0.42–1.18

Pain

 Group (arthritis vs healthy controls)

1.44

0.91–2.29

0.91

0.44–1.88

0.75

0.41–1.38

 Pain rating (z-scores)

1.33**

1.08–1.63

1.30

0.96–1.75

1.67***

1.29–2.18

 Female gender

0.88

0.61–1.27

0.56

0.32–1.00

0.91

0.56–1.46

 Age (linear effect per 10-years)

0.99

0.86–1.14

0.68**

0.54–0.84

0.91

0.75–1.09

 White race

1.15

0.71–1.86

2.15

0.86–5.36

0.85

0.46–1.57

 Hispanic

0.69

0.35–1.37

1.91

0.66–5.52

1.04

0.46–2.35

 High socioeconomic status

1.51*

1.02–2.23

1.00

0.55–1.83

0.87

0.53–1.42

  1. Note: OR = odds ratio; CI = confidence interval. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001