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Table 2 Bivariate and Multivariate Results from Negative Binomial Model Predicting Pain Score

From: Self-reported pain among Cambodian Americans with depression: patient-provider communication as an overlooked social determinant

Predictor Bivariate results Multivariable results
Estimate Std Err P-value Estimate Std Err P-Value
Female .351 .212 .099    
Age .013 .011 .244    
Years Education − .059 .018 .001    
Income − .202 .085 .017    
Working − .614 .185  < .001    
Private Insurance − .748 .190  < .001    
English Speaking Proficiency − .250 .110 .022    
English Reading Proficiency − .214 .090 .017    
Access to Car − .206 .194 .290    
Drinking to Cope .211 .121 .080    
Food Insecurity .701 .203  < .001    
Years Khmer Rouge .118 .077 .124    
Years in Refugee Camp .029 .019 .127    
Difficulty Understanding Provider .207 .063  < .001 .135 .066 .041
Difficulty Understanding Pharmacist .564 .328 .086    
Social Support − .299 .098 .002    
Social Isolation .180 .059 .002    
Trauma symptoms .977 .159  < .001    
Depressive symptoms .945 .147  < .001 .879 .149  < .001