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Table 5 Comparison of known-group validity for health condition across the EQ-5D-Y-5L, EQ-5D-Y-3L, PedsQL and Self-Rated Health (SRH) question

From: Comparison of the EQ-5D-Y-5L, EQ-5D-Y-3L and PedsQL in children and adolescents

Mean (SD) Health condition Acute versus GP Chronic versus GP
Acute Chronic GP Acute versus chronic
EQ-5D-Y-5L N = 129 N = 198 N = 223 p-value p-value p-value
 LSS 11.6 (4.6) 8.4 (3.5) 8.8 (1.6)  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001
 VAS 67.7 (28.2) 84.1 (19.8) 89.1 (14.5)  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.034
EQ-5D-Y-3L N = 129 N = 198 N = 223    
 LSS 8.7 (2.6) 7.1 (2.0) 5.6 (1.0)  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001
PedsQL N = 128 N = 189 N = 216    
 Physical Health Summary Score 53.7 (26.0) 66.7 (24.8) 86.2 (14.3)  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001
 Psychosocial Health Summary Score 69.2 (16.0) 65.4 (17.8) 82.8 (13.4) 0.090  < 0.001  < 0.001
  Emotional sub-score 74.2 (20.1) 64.8 (23.5) 76.6 (18.9)  < 0.001 0.559  < 0.001
  Social sub-score 72.1 (20.5) 68.0 (22.2) 89.4 (14.1) 0.149  < 0.001  < 0.001
  School sub-score 61.2 (24.3) 63.3 (22.4) 82.3 (16.0) 0.640  < 0.001  < 0.001
 PedsQL Total Score 65.3 (16.4) 65.7 (17.0) 83.6 (12.7) 0.970  < 0.001  < 0.001
  N = 129 N = 193 N = 218    
SRH 3.7 (1.0) 3.8 (1.0) 4.2 (0.9) 0.386  < 0.001  < 0.001
  1. GP general population, LSS level sum score, VAS Visual Analogue Scale, SRH Self-Rated Health