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Table 1 Clinical, laboratory, ultrasound, and endoscopic characteristics of adult patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis and upper gastrointestinal bleeding

From: Hepatic schistosomiasis, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, and health related quality of life measurements from the Albert Nile Basin

N = 103a Percentage Logit confidence limits
Lower limit (5%) Upper limit (95%)
Age ranges    
Age = 18–29 years 4 1 10
Age = 30–39 years 24 17 34
Age = 40–49 years 36 27 46
Age = 50–59 years 18 12 27
Age = 60–69 years 15 9 23
Age ≥ 70 years 3 1 9
Gender    
Male 41 32 51
Female 59 49 68
Stayed in Pakwach for over 10 years    
No 12 7 20
Yes 88 80 93
Contact with the Nile 5 to 7 times a week    
No 1 0 7
Yes 99 93 100
Farmer    
No 26 19 36
Yes 74 64 81
Fisherman    
No 84 76 90
Yes 16 10 24
Hematemesis    
No 4 1 10
Yes 96 90 99
Melena stool    
No 55 46 65
Yes 45 35 54
Hematochezia    
No 49 39 58
Yes 51 42 61
Schistosomiasis by positive stool test in the past    
No 45 35 54
Yes 55 46 65
Praziquantel    
No 12 7 20
Yes 88 80 93
Ever admitted for upper gastrointestinal bleeding    
No 3 1 9
Yes 97 91 99
Ever received a blood transfusion    
No 30 22 40
Yes 70 60 78
Splenomegaly (physical examination)   
No 8 4 16
Yes 92 84 96
Ascites (physical examination)   
No 83 74 89
Yes 17 11 26
Jaundice (physical examination)   
No 89 82 94
Yes 11 6 18
Edema (physical examination)   
No 88 80 93
Yes 12 7 20
Body mass index    
≤ 18.5 17 10 25
18.5–24.9 79 70 86
25–29.9 4 2 11
Acute Severe variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding    
No 78 69 85
Yes 22 15 31
Fibrosis patterns    
C 5 2 11
D 33 25 43
E 20 14 29
F 4 1 10
X 38 29 48
Spleen length ≥ 15 cm    
No 40 31 50
Yes 60 50 69
Portal vein ≥ 13 mm    
No 23 16 33
Yes 77 67 84
Ascites at ultrasound    
No 85 77 91
Yes 15 9 23
Anemia grade(gm/dl)    
< 6.5 19 13 28
6.5–7.9 11 7 20
8–9.4 15 9 23
9.5–10.9 17 10 25
≥ 11 38 29 48
Hepatitis B surface antigen positive    
No 93 86 97
Yes 7 3 14
Hepatitis C antibody positive    
No 74 64 81
Yes 26 19 36
Urine CCA    
No 92 85 96
Yes 8 4 15
Varices    
No 17 11 26
Yes 83 74 89
  1. aTwo participants had incomplete EQ5D records from the 103 participants