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Table 5. Group and Child Age Main- and Interaction-Effects from General Linear Models Adjusted for Propensity Scores

From: Characterizing the quality-of-life impact of Duchenne muscular dystrophy on caregivers: a case-control investigation

Dependent variable Parameter b Std. error t p 95% Confidence interval Partial eta squared
Lower bound Upper bound
PROMIS physical Child Age 18+ 0.33 1.07 0.31 0.76 − 1.78 2.43 0.000
  Child Age 13–17 1.20 1.09 1.10 0.27 − 0.94 3.34 0.001
  Child Age 8–12 − 0.89 1.00 − 0.89 0.37 − 2.85 1.06 0.001
  DMD Caregiver 6.00 1.07 5.60 0.00 3.90 8.10 0.027
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 18+ − 6.45 1.48 − 4.34 0.00 − 9.36 − 3.53 0.017
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 13–17 − 9.00 1.55 − 5.81 0.00 − 12.04 − 5.96 0.029
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 8–12 − 2.08 1.49 − 1.40 0.16 − 4.99 0.84 0.002
PROMIS mental Child Age 18+ 0.49 1.08 0.45 0.65 − 1.63 2.61 0.000
  Child Age 13–17 2.76 1.10 2.51 0.01 0.60 4.92 0.006
  Child Age 8–12 0.64 1.01 0.63 0.53 − 1.34 2.61 0.000
  DMD Caregiver 3.14 1.08 2.90 0.00 1.02 5.26 0.008
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 18+ − 4.49 1.50 − 3.00 0.00 − 7.43 − 1.55 0.008
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 13–17 − 8.99 1.56 − 5.76 0.00 − 12.05 − 5.93 0.029
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 8–12 − 4.22 1.50 − 2.81 0.00 − 7.16 − 1.28 0.007
NeuroQOL positive affect and well being Child Age 18+ 0.50 0.78 0.64 0.52 − 1.03 2.04 0.000
  Child age 13–17 0.65 0.80 0.82 0.41 − 0.91 2.22 0.001
  Child age 8–12 0.76 0.73 1.04 0.30 − 0.67 2.19 0.001
  DMD caregiver − 0.49 0.78 − 0.63 0.53 − 2.03 1.04 0.000
  DMD caregiver * Child age 18+ − 2.41 1.08 − 2.22 0.03 − 4.54 − 0.28 0.004
  DMD caregiver * Child age 13–17 − 1.46 1.13 − 1.29 0.20 − 3.68 0.76 0.001
  DMD caregiver * Child age 8–12 − 0.15 1.09 − 0.14 0.89 − 2.28 1.98 0.000
Ryff environmental mastery Child age 18+ 2.79 0.79 3.53 0.00 1.24 4.34 0.011
  Child age 13–17 1.89 0.81 2.34 0.02 0.30 3.47 0.005
  Child age 8–12 0.85 0.74 1.15 0.25 − 0.60 2.29 0.001
  DMD caregiver 2.68 0.79 3.38 0.00 1.13 4.23 0.010
  DMD caregiver * Child age 18+ − 5.46 1.10 − 4.98 0.00 − 7.62 − 3.31 0.022
  DMD caregiver * Child age 13–17 − 6.11 1.14 − 5.34 0.00 − 8.36 − 3.87 0.025
  DMD caregiver * Child age 8–12 − 3.36 1.10 − 3.06 0.00 − 5.51 − 1.21 0.008
Resilience Child age 18+ 0.01 0.12 0.07 0.94 − 0.22 0.24 0.000
  Child age 13–17 0.07 0.12 0.57 0.57 − 0.17 0.31 0.000
  Child Age 8–12 0.03 0.11 0.25 0.80 − 0.19 0.24 0.000
  DMD Caregiver − 0.07 0.12 − 0.57 0.57 − 0.30 0.17 0.000
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 18+ 0.11 0.16 0.66 0.51 − 0.21 0.43 0.000
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 13–17 − 0.30 0.17 − 1.75 0.08 − 0.64 0.04 0.003
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 8–12 0.00 0.16 0.00 1.00 − 0.32 0.32 0.000
Stress Child Age 18+ − 7.51 1.61 − 4.65 0.00 − 10.68 − 4.35 0.019
  Child Age 13–17 − 5.64 1.64 − 3.43 0.00 − 8.86 − 2.41 0.010
  Child Age 8–12 − 1.16 1.50 − 0.77 0.44 − 4.11 1.79 0.001
  DMD Caregiver − 5.70 1.61 − 3.53 0.00 − 8.87 − 2.53 0.011
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 18+ 10.58 2.24 4.73 0.00 6.19 14.96 0.020
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 13–17 15.60 2.33 6.69 0.00 11.02 20.17 0.039
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 8–12 3.90 2.24 1.74 0.08 − 0.50 8.29 0.003
Difficulty Paying Bills Child Age 18+ − 0.40 0.13 − 3.00 0.00 − 0.66 − 0.14 0.008
  Child Age 13–17 − 0.30 0.14 − 2.17 0.03 − 0.56 − 0.03 0.004
  Child Age 8–12 − 0.06 0.12 − 0.49 0.63 − 0.30 0.18 0.000
  DMD Caregiver 0.02 0.13 0.11 0.91 − 0.25 0.28 0.000
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 18+ 0.53 0.19 2.84 0.00 0.16 0.89 0.007
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 13–17 0.88 0.19 4.56 0.00 0.50 1.26 0.018
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 8–12 0.26 0.19 1.39 0.17 − 0.11 0.62 0.002
Hours Missed from Work* Child Age 18+ − 2.16 1.20 − 1.80 0.07 − 4.51 0.19 0.004
  Child Age 13–17 − 1.03 1.09 − 0.95 0.34 − 3.17 1.10 0.001
  Child Age 8–12 − 0.42 1.00 − 0.42 0.68 − 2.38 1.55 0.000
  DMD Caregiver 3.28 1.13 2.90 0.00 1.06 5.50 0.011
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 18+ − 0.77 1.65 − 0.47 0.64 − 4.01 2.47 0.000
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 13–17 − 2.37 1.76 − 1.35 0.18 − 5.83 1.08 0.002
  DMD Caregiver * Child Age 8–12 − 2.25 1.62 − 1.39 0.17 − 5.43 0.93 0.003
  1. *Excludes those not working