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Table 2 Self-reported EQ-5D-3L health state characteristics by SUD patients and Norwegian general population samples, n (%)

From: Quality of life among patients seeking treatment for substance use disorder, as measured with the EQ-5D-3L

A. Frequently reported health states by group
   SUD patients   Norwegian general population
State Value Male Female All State Value Male Female All
All   118 (100.0%) 60 (100.0%) 178 (100.0%) All   167 (100.0%) 233 (100.0%) 400 (100.0%)
11222 0.689 21 (17.8%) 9 (15%) 30 (16.9%) 11111 1.000 110 (65.9%) 131 (56.2%) 241 (60.3%)
11122 0.725 11 (9.3%) 5 (8.3%) 16 (9%) 11112 0.848 21 (12.6%) 25 (10.7%) 46 (11.5%)
11111 1.000 12 (10.2%) 3 (5%) 15 (8.4%) 11121 0.796 14 (8.4%) 18 (7.7%) 32 (8%)
11112 0.848 11 (9.3%) 3 (5%) 14 (7.9%) 11122 0.725 12 (7.2%) 17 (7.3%) 29 (7.3%)
11212 0.812 6 (5.1%) 7 (11.7%) 13 (7.3%) 11221 0.760 2 (1.2%) 7 (3%) 9 (2.3%)
21223 0.186 6 (5.1%) 3 (5%) 9 (5.1%) 11222 0.689 2 (1.2%) 7 (3%) 9 (2.3%)
30 other avg: 0.405 51 (43.2%) 30 (50%) 81 (45.5%) 18 other avg: 0.544 6 (3.6%) 28 (12%) 34 (8.5%)
B. Self-reported problems on EQ-5D dimensions *
   SUD patients   Norwegian general population
  Male Female All   Male Female All
All 118 (100.0%) 60 (100.0%) 178 (100.0%) All 167 (100.0%) 233 (100.0%) 400 (100.0%)
Mobility Mobility
 No problems 85 (72.0%) 43 (71.7%) 128 (71.9%) No problems 162 (97.0%) 215 (92.3%) 377 (94.2%)
 Moderate problems 33 (28.0%) 17 (28.3%) 50 (28.1%) Moderate problems 5 (3.0%) 18 (7.7%) 23 (5.8%)
 Extreme problems Extreme problems
Self-care Self-care
 No problems 107 (90.7%) 53 (88.3%) 160 (89.9%) No problems 167 (100.0%) 231 (99.1%) 398 (99.5%)
 Moderate problems 11 (9.3%) 6 (10.0%) 17 (9.6%) Moderate problems 2 (0.9%) 2 (0.5%)
 Extreme problems - 1 (1.7%) 1 (0.6%) Extreme problems
Usual activities Usual activities
 No problems 49 (41.5%) 17 (28.3%) 66 (37.1%) No problems 159 (95.2%) 202 (86.7%) 361 (90.2%)
 Moderate problems 65 (55.1%) 41 (68.3%) 106 (59.6%) Moderate problems 8 (4.8%) 29 (12.4%) 37 (9.2%)
 Extreme problems 4 (3.4%) 2 (3.3%) 6 (3.4%) Extreme problems 2 (0.9%) 2 (0.5%)
Pain/discomfort Pain/discomfort
 No problems 42 (35.6%) 20 (33.3%) 62 (34.8%) No problems 133 (79.6%) 163 (70.0%) 296 (74.0%)
 Moderate problems 67 (56.8%) 33 (55.0%) 100 (56.2%) Moderate problems 32 (19.2%) 67 (28.8%) 99 (24.8%)
 Extreme problems 9 (7.6%) 7 (11.7%) 16 (9.0%) Extreme problems 2 (1.2%) 3 (1.3%) 5 (1.2%)
Anxiety/depression Anxiety/depression
 No problems 23 (19.5%) 7 (11.7%) 30 (16.9%) No problems 130 (77.8%) 165 (70.8%) 295 (73.8%)
 Moderate problems 70 (59.3%) 32 (53.3%) 102 (57.3%) Moderate problems 36 (21.6%) 63 (27.0%) 99 (24.8%)
 Extreme problems 25 (21.2%) 21 (35.0%) 46 (25.8%) Extreme problems 1 (0.6%) 5 (2.1%) 6 (1.5%)
  1. *Fisher’s Exact Test comparing SUD and corresponding general population p < 0.001 for all groups and subgroups
  2. SUD Substance Use Disorder
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