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Table 4 Patient reported outcome measures of depression: measurement properties

From: What are the optimal measures to identify anxiety and depression in people diagnosed with head and neck cancer (HNC): a systematic review

Item generationLiterature 
 Patient/person interviews   
 Clinician interviews/Expert opinion       
Item reductionMissing data for summary scores            
 Missing item data            
 Factor Analysis 
Psychometric analysesCronbach’s α
 Test-retest reliability   
 Content validity  
 Item total correlations    
 Convergent/discriminant (or divergent) validity
 Hypothesis testing   
 Translated into other languages  
Cut off pointsResponsiveness 
Clinical cut-off 
Clinical cut-off for cancer     
  1. HADS Hospital anxiety and depression scale, QIDS-SR Quick inventory of Depressive Symptomatology self-report, SDS Zung self-rating depression scale, BDI Beck Depression inventory, CES-D Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire −9, GDS-SF Geriatric Depression Scale – Short form, BSI-18 Brief symptom inventory −18, Duke-AD Duke anxiety depression scale, MDI Major depression inventory, CDS Carroll Rating Scale for Depression, DASS 21 Depression anxiety stress scale −21
  2. aCriteria based on the COSMIN checklist; - Present