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Table 3 Patient reported outcome measures of anxiety: measurement properties

From: What are the optimal measures to identify anxiety and depression in people diagnosed with head and neck cancer (HNC): a systematic review

 

Methoda

HADS

STAI

SAS

BAI

MASQ

DASS 21

Duke-AD

BSI-18

GAD-7

Item generation

Literature

 

Patient/person interviews

  

    

 
 

Clinician interviews/Expert opinion

       

 

Item reduction

Missing data for summary scores

         
 

Missing item data

         
 

Factor Analysis

 

 

Psychometric analyses

Cronbach’s α

 

Test-retest reliability

 

 

Content validity

 

 

 

Item total correlations

 

 

 

Convergent/discriminant (or divergent) validity

 

 

Hypothesis testing

 

 

 

 

Translated into other languages

 

 

Cut off points

Responsiveness

 

 

Clinical cut-off

Clinical cut-off for cancer

    

 

 
  1. HADS Hospital anxiety and depression scale, STAI State trait anxiety inventory, SAS Zung self-rating anxiety scale, BAI Beck Anxiety inventory, MASQ Mood and anxiety symptom questionnaire, DASS 21 Depression anxiety stress scale −21, Duke-AD Duke anxiety depression scale, BSI-18 Brief symptom inventory − 18, GAD-7 Generalized anxiety disorder – 7
  2. aCriteria based on the COSMIN checklist; - Present