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Table 3 Patient reported outcome measures of anxiety: measurement properties

From: What are the optimal measures to identify anxiety and depression in people diagnosed with head and neck cancer (HNC): a systematic review

 MethodaHADSSTAISASBAIMASQDASS 21Duke-ADBSI-18GAD-7
Item generationLiterature
 Patient/person interviews       
 Clinician interviews/Expert opinion        
Item reductionMissing data for summary scores         
 Missing item data         
 Factor Analysis  
Psychometric analysesCronbach’s α
 Test-retest reliability 
 Content validity  
 Item total correlations  
 Convergent/discriminant (or divergent) validity 
 Hypothesis testing   
 Translated into other languages  
Cut off pointsResponsiveness  
Clinical cut-off
Clinical cut-off for cancer      
  1. HADS Hospital anxiety and depression scale, STAI State trait anxiety inventory, SAS Zung self-rating anxiety scale, BAI Beck Anxiety inventory, MASQ Mood and anxiety symptom questionnaire, DASS 21 Depression anxiety stress scale −21, Duke-AD Duke anxiety depression scale, BSI-18 Brief symptom inventory − 18, GAD-7 Generalized anxiety disorder – 7
  2. aCriteria based on the COSMIN checklist; - Present