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Table 5 PedsQL™, children’s and parents’/proxy self-reports within Sweden

From: Health-related quality of life, culture and communication: a comparative study in children with cancer in Argentina and Sweden

Characteristics PedsQL (children’s score) PedsQL (parents’ score)
Gender distribution Generic mean (sd) p-value Cancer mean (sd) p-value Fatigue mean (sd) p-value Generic mean (sd) p-value Cancer mean (sd) p-value Fatigue mean (sd) p-value
 Female 65.3(19.3) 0.92 74.7(15.6) 0.48 63.8(15.4) 0.32 59.2 (19.0) 0.85 67.7 (15.8) 0.43 68.2 (15.5) 0.26
 Male 62.2(23.3)   67.9(22.6)   56.7(16.8)   58.8 (16.6)   63.1 (18.5)   58.4 (17.3)  
Age groups
 2 to 4 years        65.0 (19.6)   72.3 (17.4)   68.1 (17.6)  
 5 to 12 years 78.3(11.9) p < 0.0001 85.5(5.9) p < 0.0001 77.9(14.4) 0.008 62.2 (17.1) 0.14 67.9 (14.0) 0.12 70.3 (12.5) 0.009
 13 to 18 years 47.8(15.9)   56.0(18.1)   50.0(14.1)   49.5 (12.4)   55.2 (17.0)   49.6 (13.6)  
Diagnostic groups
 Leukaemia 70.4(20.8) 0.18 80.6(22.1) 0.06 65.7(16.7) 0.009 66.6 (19.8) 0.24 75.9 (15.0) 56.1 (15.8) 0.007 73.8 (14.8) 0.009
 Solid tumours Central nervous system 56.4(18.2)   64.3(19.6)   51.9(12.0)   52.3 (14.1)   59.9 (11.7)   52.2 (15.2)  
 (CNS) tumours 75.5(25.8)   77.4(5.9)   78.3(5.8)   55.6 (12.7)   75.9 (15.0) 56.1 (15.8)   59.7 (9.4)  
Treatment modality
Chemotherapy 60.8(21.5) 0.54 70.8(24.3) 0.54 57.3(18.6) 0.48 62.6 (18.3) 0.37 70.4 (18.6) 0.02 65.7 (18.2) 0.64
Combined therapy 67.2(20.4)   72.4(14.8)   64.0(12.7)   53.5 (15.1)   57.3 (11.1)   58.7 (14.5)  
  1. Note: Scores range from 0 to 100; higher scores represent a better HRQOL. Statistics are tests for within group differences and significant differences are highlighted in bold type. sd standard deviation