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Table 1 Characteristics of informal caregivers and patients after a hip fracture

From: Care-related Quality of Life of informal caregivers of the elderly after a hip fracture

Caregiver characteristic

Total (n = 123)

1 month (n = 40)

3 months (n = 39)

6 months (n = 44)

 Age in years (M,SD)

64.6 (12.2)

67.6 (11.0)

64.7 (12.2)

61.9 (12.9)

 Female sex (N,%)

68 (55.3)

22 (55)

22 (56.4)

24 (54.5)

 Relationship (N,%)

  Partner

55 (44.7)

27 (67.5)

15 (38.5)

13 (29.5)

  Child

53 (43.1)

9 (22.5)

20 (51.3)

24 (54.5)

  Sibling

7 (5.7)

2 (5.0)

2 (5.1)

3 (6.8)

  Other

8 (6.5)

2 (5.0)

2 (5.1)

4 (9.1)

 Educational attainmenta (N,%)

Low

37 (30.1)

11 (27.5)

15 (38.5)

11 (25)

Middle

56 (45.5)

21 (52.5)

15 (38.5)

20 (45.5)

High

30 (24.4)

8 (20.0)

9 (23.0)

13 (29.5)

Patient characteristic

 Age in years (M,SD)

79.9 (8.3)

77.6 (8.1)

79.3 (8.7)

82.6 (7.3)

 Female sex (N,%)

91 (74.0)

27 (67.5)

29 (74.4)

35 (79.5)

 Dementia; yes (%)

22 (17.9)

0 (0.0)

8 (20.5)

14 (31.8)

 Pre-fracture living in an institution

17 (13.8)

0 (0.0)

5 (12.8)

12 (27.3)

 Discharge to homeb; yes (%)

59 (55.7)

22 (75.9)

18 (48.6)

19 (47.5)

 Pre-fracture mobilityb (N,%)

  Freely mobile without aids

57 (54.8)

27 (75.0)

18 (51.4)

12 (36.4)

  Mobile with aids

44 (42.3)

9 (25.0)

16 (45.7)

19 (57.6)

  No functional mobility

3 (2.9)

0 (0.0)

1 (2.9)

2 (6.0)

 Type of treatment (N,%)

  Nonoperative

2 (1.6)

1 (2.5)

1 (2.6)

0 (0.0)

  Intramedullary fixation

47 (38.2)

11 (27.5)

19 (48.7)

17 (38.6)

  Cannulated screws

12 (9.8)

6 (15.0)

5 (12.8)

1 (2.3)

  Hemi-arthroplasty

49 (39.8)

17 (42.5)

10 (25.6)

22 (50.0)

  Total hip arthroplasty

13 (10.6)

5 (12.5)

4 (10.3)

4 (9.1)

 Length of hospital stay (M,SD)

8.6 (5.0)

7.3 (3.6)

9.5 (5.7)

9.0 (5.3)

 Comorbidity

  None

19 (15.4)

10 (25.0)

4 (10.3)

5 (11.4)

  One

45 (36.6)

12 (30.0)

17 (43.6)

16 (36.4)

  Two or more

59 (48.0)

18 (45.0)

18 (46.2)

23 (52.3)

 Post-fracture mobility (N,%)

  Freely mobile without aids

17 (13.8)

1 (2.5)

6 (15.4)

10 (22.7)

  Mobile with aids

84 (68.3)

27 (67.5)

28 (71.8)

29 (65.5)

  No functional mobility

22 (17.9)

12 (30.0)

5 (12.8)

5 (11.4)

 EQ-5D (M,SD)

0.53 (0.27)

0.57 (0.26)

0.52 (0.28)

0.50 (0.28)

 GFI (M,SD)

10.7 (2.9)

9.8 (1.8)

9.9 (2.3)

12.3 (3.3)

  1. Abbreviations: M mean, SD standard deviation, n number of caregivers, EQ-5D Euroqol-5 Dimensions, GFI Groningen Frailty Indicator
  2. aEducational attainment: Low = no diploma, primary education, preparatory secondary vocational education; Middle = university preparatory education, senior general secondary education, senior secondary vocational education and training; High = universities of applied sciences: associate degree or university degree
  3. bNumber of missing values: discharge to home: n = 17; pre-fracture mobility: n = 19