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Table 1 Characteristics of informal caregivers and patients after a hip fracture

From: Care-related Quality of Life of informal caregivers of the elderly after a hip fracture

Caregiver characteristic Total (n = 123) 1 month (n = 40) 3 months (n = 39) 6 months (n = 44)
 Age in years (M,SD) 64.6 (12.2) 67.6 (11.0) 64.7 (12.2) 61.9 (12.9)
 Female sex (N,%) 68 (55.3) 22 (55) 22 (56.4) 24 (54.5)
 Relationship (N,%)
  Partner 55 (44.7) 27 (67.5) 15 (38.5) 13 (29.5)
  Child 53 (43.1) 9 (22.5) 20 (51.3) 24 (54.5)
  Sibling 7 (5.7) 2 (5.0) 2 (5.1) 3 (6.8)
  Other 8 (6.5) 2 (5.0) 2 (5.1) 4 (9.1)
 Educational attainmenta (N,%)
Low 37 (30.1) 11 (27.5) 15 (38.5) 11 (25)
Middle 56 (45.5) 21 (52.5) 15 (38.5) 20 (45.5)
High 30 (24.4) 8 (20.0) 9 (23.0) 13 (29.5)
Patient characteristic
 Age in years (M,SD) 79.9 (8.3) 77.6 (8.1) 79.3 (8.7) 82.6 (7.3)
 Female sex (N,%) 91 (74.0) 27 (67.5) 29 (74.4) 35 (79.5)
 Dementia; yes (%) 22 (17.9) 0 (0.0) 8 (20.5) 14 (31.8)
 Pre-fracture living in an institution 17 (13.8) 0 (0.0) 5 (12.8) 12 (27.3)
 Discharge to homeb; yes (%) 59 (55.7) 22 (75.9) 18 (48.6) 19 (47.5)
 Pre-fracture mobilityb (N,%)
  Freely mobile without aids 57 (54.8) 27 (75.0) 18 (51.4) 12 (36.4)
  Mobile with aids 44 (42.3) 9 (25.0) 16 (45.7) 19 (57.6)
  No functional mobility 3 (2.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.9) 2 (6.0)
 Type of treatment (N,%)
  Nonoperative 2 (1.6) 1 (2.5) 1 (2.6) 0 (0.0)
  Intramedullary fixation 47 (38.2) 11 (27.5) 19 (48.7) 17 (38.6)
  Cannulated screws 12 (9.8) 6 (15.0) 5 (12.8) 1 (2.3)
  Hemi-arthroplasty 49 (39.8) 17 (42.5) 10 (25.6) 22 (50.0)
  Total hip arthroplasty 13 (10.6) 5 (12.5) 4 (10.3) 4 (9.1)
 Length of hospital stay (M,SD) 8.6 (5.0) 7.3 (3.6) 9.5 (5.7) 9.0 (5.3)
 Comorbidity
  None 19 (15.4) 10 (25.0) 4 (10.3) 5 (11.4)
  One 45 (36.6) 12 (30.0) 17 (43.6) 16 (36.4)
  Two or more 59 (48.0) 18 (45.0) 18 (46.2) 23 (52.3)
 Post-fracture mobility (N,%)
  Freely mobile without aids 17 (13.8) 1 (2.5) 6 (15.4) 10 (22.7)
  Mobile with aids 84 (68.3) 27 (67.5) 28 (71.8) 29 (65.5)
  No functional mobility 22 (17.9) 12 (30.0) 5 (12.8) 5 (11.4)
 EQ-5D (M,SD) 0.53 (0.27) 0.57 (0.26) 0.52 (0.28) 0.50 (0.28)
 GFI (M,SD) 10.7 (2.9) 9.8 (1.8) 9.9 (2.3) 12.3 (3.3)
  1. Abbreviations: M mean, SD standard deviation, n number of caregivers, EQ-5D Euroqol-5 Dimensions, GFI Groningen Frailty Indicator
  2. aEducational attainment: Low = no diploma, primary education, preparatory secondary vocational education; Middle = university preparatory education, senior general secondary education, senior secondary vocational education and training; High = universities of applied sciences: associate degree or university degree
  3. bNumber of missing values: discharge to home: n = 17; pre-fracture mobility: n = 19