Skip to main content

Table 3 COSMIN Risk of Bias assessment of studies and level of evidence for measurement properties

From: A systematic review and recommendations for prom instruments for older people with frailty in emergency care

Instrument Paper(s) Participants Assessed measurement properties (lowest COSMIN rating) Level of evidence
Development Factors Testing
PROM design Content validity Structural validity Internal consistency Criterion validity Construct validity Responsiveness
COOP/WONCA Franke (2021) 118 D Limited (+)
Duke Perret-Guillaume (2010) 701 V V Strong (+)
EQ-5D-3L Dzingina (2017) 783 A V Strong (+)
  Lin (2020) 102 V  
EQ-5D-5L Sheehan (2012) 109 V Strong (+)
MQoL-E Cohen (2019) 803 A A V V Strong (+)
PcOS Dzingina (2017) 783 A V Strong (+)
QoL-AD Sheehan (2012) 109 V Strong (+)
  Torisson (2016) 199 A V V  
RHDS-OP-SF Mabire (2015) 998 V V V Strong (+)
SF-36 Perret-Guillaume (2010) 701 V V Strong (+)
TOPICS-CEP Hofman (2017) 17,603 V Strong (+)
  1. Properties: V: very good, A: adequate, D: doubtful. Evidence: + : positive rating. Instruments: MQoL-E (McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire Expanded), PcOS (Palliative care Outcome Scale). QoL-AD (Quality of Life in Alzheimer’s Disease), RHDS-OP-SF (Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale for Older People), TOPICS-CEP (The Older Persons and Informal Caregivers Survey composite endpoint)
  2. No instruments had been evaluated for cross-cultural validity, reliability, or measurement error