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Table 2 Comparison of Test alternatives for market simulations

From: Patient and physician preferences for non-invasive diagnostic cardiovascular imaging technologies: a discrete choice experiment

imaging test Type of procedure Test duration (minutes) Patient out-of-pocket cost Type of scanner Risks and side effects Diagnostic accuracy (%)
Stress perfusion CMR Pharmacological agents 60 $1500 Complete body scanner Moderate to severe 90
Exercise echo Exercising 30 $500 No scanner Moderate to severe 80
Pharmacological stress echo Pharmacological agents 30 $500 No scanner Moderate to severe 80
CTA N/A 30 $500 Partial body scanner Ionizing radiation 80
SPECT Pharmacological agents 60 $1000 Partial body scanner Moderate to severe; ionizing radiation 70
PET Pharmacological agents 60 $2000 Partial body scanner Moderate to severe; ionizing radiation 90
b-CMR Breathing maneuvers 30 $1000 Complete body scanner Mild 80
  1. N/A; Not applicable, $; US dollars, Mild; Tingling in the fingers, dizziness and dry mouth, Moderate to severe; Chest pain, irregular heartbeat, flushing, breathing difficulties, and a 0.1% chance of serious complications, Ionizing radiation; Exposure to radiation and a 0.1% possible increase in cancer risk
  2. CMR cardiovascular magnetic resonance, CT computed tomography, SPECT single photon emission computed tomography, PET positron emission tomography, b-CMR breathing maneuver-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance