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Table 3 Spearman’s correlation between Igbo-CSQ subscales, and self-reported back pain specific disability (Igbo-RMDQ), self-reported generic disability (Igbo-WHODAS), self-reported numeric pain intensity (BS-11), self-reported fear avoidance beliefs (Igbo-FABQ), and self-reported illness perceptions (Igbo-BIPQ)

From: Only two subscales of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire are culturally relevant for people with chronic low back pain in Nigerian Igbo populations: a cross-cultural adaptation and validation study

  Igbo-CSQ (Diverting attention) Igbo-CSQ (reinterpreting pain sensation) Igbo-CSQ (catastrophising) Igbo-CSQ (ignoring sensations) Igbo-CSQ (praying or hoping) Igbo-CSQ (coping self-statements) Igbo-CSQ (increased behavioural activities) Igbo-CSQ (control) Igbo-CSQ (decrease pain)
Igbo-RMDQ 0.554** 0.302** 0.614** 0.272** 0.410** 0.333** 0.441** − 0.027 − 0.030
Igbo-WHODAS (total) 0.391** 0.459** 0.589** 0.371** 0.265** 0.237** 0.324** 0.169* 0.126
BS-11 0.263** 0.255** 0.469** 0.171* 0.292** 0.281** 0.217** − 0.108 − 0.037
Igbo-FABQ total 0.643** 0.552** 0.492** 0.448** 0.475** 0.451** 0.565** 0.193** 0.208**
Igbo-BIPQ (total) 0.323** 0.193** 0.287** 0.004 0.255** 0.312** 0.309** − 0.343** − 0.007
  1. **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05