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Table 1 Participant demographic characteristics and disease-related factors

From: Translation and validation of the Urdu version of the European organization for research and treatment of cancer core quality of life questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) and brain module (QLQ-BN20) in primary brain tumor patients

Variables N = 250
N (%)/Median (IQR)
Age (years) 42 (33–54)
Gender  
Male 169 (67.6)
Female 81 (32.4)
Formal schooling  
Yes 229 (91.6)
No 21 (8.4)
Informal schooling  
Yes 44 (17.6)
No 206 (82.4)
Mother tongue  
Urdu 77 (30.8)
Sindhi 47 (18.8)
Punjabi 37 (14.8)
Pushto 26 (10.4)
Saraiki 11 (4.4)
Balochi 10 (4.0)
Hindko 6 (2.4)
Other 36 (14.4)
Marital status  
Married 205 (82.0)
Single 37 (14.8)
Other 8 (3.2)
Monthly household income (PKR/USD)  
No income 18 (7.2)
1000–25,000 ($6.04–$151) 40 (16.0)
25,000–40,000 ($151–$242) 26 (10.4)
40,000–80,000 ($242–$484) 69 (27.6)
80,000–170,000 ($484–$1028) 97 (38.8)
Tumor type  
Glioma 117 (46.8)
Meningioma 53 (21.2)
Schwannoma 12 (4.8)
Pituitary 44 (17.6)
Others 24 (9.6)
Surgical intervention  
Only biopsy 195 (78.0)
Only total resection 11 (4.4)
Multiple interventions 27 (10.8)
No surgical intervention 17 (6.8)
Adjuvant therapy  
Chemotherapy 11 (4.4)
Radiotherapy 24 (9.6)
Combination 63 (25.2)
No adjuvant therapy 152 (60.8)
Treatment stage for brain tumor  
On-going 138 (55.2)
Complete 112 (44.8)
  1. PKR, Pakistani Rupee; USD, US Dollars