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Table 1 Characteristics of respondents (personal budget and help in kind), uncorrected and corrected (n = 446)

From: The relationship of personal budgets with independence, participation and quality of life; a secondary analysis of survey data using propensity score matching

Variable averages % bias t-tests
uncorrected after propensity score uncorrected after propensity score
personal budget in kind personal budget in kind t p t p
Severity of physical disability 34.7 30.05 34.75 34.89 −1.8 −9.15 < 0.005 −0.2 0.84
Education 3.97 3.76 3.98 4.1 −7.3 −1.83 0.07 −0.76 0.45
Women (vs. men) 0.69 0.72 0.69 0.68 0.9 1.08 0.14 0.1 0.92
Living alone (vs. cohabiting) 0.55 0.56 0.55 0.53 4.2 0.28 0.39 0.46 0.65
Age 64.44 70.74 64.44 64.7 −1.7 6.31 < 0.005 −0.17 0.86
Income < 1000 euro (ref)
 Income 1000–1500 euro 0.22 0.15 0.23 0.16 16.1 −2.75 0.006 1.73 0.08
 Income 1500–2000 euro 0.15 0.2 0.15 0.13 6.6 1.83 0.068 0.79 0.43
 Income > 2000 euro 0.15 0.13 0.15 0.15 1.2 −0.8 0.42 0.13 0.90
 No income data 0.14 0.12 0.13 0.14 −1.2 −0.75 0.45 −0.13 0.89
 Mental health problem 0.23 0.16 0.23 0.26 −7.3 −2.59 0.009 −0.74 0.46
 Mastery 13.93 15.53 13.9 13.82 2 5.68 < 0.005 0.21 0.83
 % living alone 65+ in community 6.7 6.61 6.7 6.81 −9.8 −1.07 0.29 −1.05 0.29
 % disabled in community 4.4 4.32 4.4 4.39 1.5 −1.29 0.20 0.17 0.86
 % people below income threshold 6.34 6.3 6.36 6.47 −4.8 −0.27 0.79 −0.52 0.60
 average absolute bias percentage    4.7     
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