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Table 6 Revisions to the P-OMAQ-P and P-OMAQ-C questionnaires following the concept elicitation and cognitive debriefing interviews

From: Development and content validation of the Pediatric Oral Medicines Acceptability Questionnaires (P-OMAQ): patient-reported and caregiver-reported outcome measures

  P-OMAQ-P P-OMAQ-C
Wave 1 No changes No changes
Wave 2 Recall period changed from “now” to “currently”
Example: “Please think about the medicine you take by mouth CURRENTLY for (condition) and answer the questions below. Select one answer for each question.”
Tested recall periods (24 h, 7 days, and 2 weeks)
Added item: “How happy are you with the taste of the medicine in your mouth before swallowing?”
Removed item: “Overall, how much does the medicine bother you?”
Added item: “How happy is your child with the taste of the medicine in his/her mouth before swallowing?”
Removed items: “Overall, how bothered are you by your child having to take the medicine?” and “Overall, how much does the medicine bother your child?”
Wave 3 Revised recall period from “currently” to test “past 24 h” AND “past 7 days”
Example: “Please think about the study medication you have taken in the past 24 h/past 7 days when answering the questions. Select one answer for each question.”
Revised item 1 from: “How happy are you with the number of times you take the medicine each day?” to “How happy are you with the number of times you had to take the medicine?”
Removed item: “How happy are you with the taste of the medicine?” and replaced with “How happy are you with the taste of the medicine in your mouth before swallowing?”
Revised item 1 to: “How happy are you with the number of times your child had to take the medicine?”
Wave 4 Revised items 1–7 to include recall period within the item stem: “In the past 24 h, how happy were you with the number of times you had to take the medicine?”
In the past 7 days, how happy were you with the number of times you had to take the medicine?”
Revised items 1–3 and 9–15 to include recall period within the item stem: “In the past 24 h, how happy were you with the number of times your child had to take the medicine?”
“In the past 7 days, how happy were you with the number of times your child had to take the medicine?”
Example questions from the final version of the questionnaire “In the [past 24 h/past 7 days], how happy were you with the size or amount of the medicine?”
“In the [past 24 h/past 7 days], how happy were you with the smell of the medicine?”
“Overall, how happy are you with the medicine?”
“In the [past 24 h/past 7 days], how happy were you with the size or amount of your child’s medicine?”
“In the [past 24 h/past 7 days], how happy were you with the smell of your child’s medicine?”
“Overall, how willing are you to have your child continue to use the medicine?”
  1. P-OMAQ-C Pediatric Oral Medicines Acceptability Questionnaires – Caregiver, P-OMAQ-P Pediatric Oral Medicines Acceptability Questionnaires – Patient