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Table 1 Summary of the concepts by existing questionnaires identified and the Pediatric Oral Medicines Acceptability Questionnaires

From: Development and content validation of the Pediatric Oral Medicines Acceptability Questionnaires (P-OMAQ): patient-reported and caregiver-reported outcome measures

Key attribute concepts Medication acceptance scale b [40, 45] Visual analog scale b [9, 26, 28, 32, 49, 50, 54] NRS b [36] 6-point face hedonic scale b [35] 5-point face hedonic scale b [44] 4-point face hedonic scale b [17] 3-point face hedonic scale b [10] 4-point Likert scale b [10, 17, 44] 5-point Likert scale b [17, 29, 32, 40, 54] P-OMAQ-P c (5-point NRS) P-OMAQ-C c (5-point NRS)
Swallowability       
Taste (before swallowing)         
Aftertaste          
Texture/mouthfeel          
Size/amount          
Smell          
Number of times had to take          
Overall happiness with the medicine          
How much the medicine helps          
Importance to take the medicine          
Willingness to keep taking the medicine          
How often the child takes the medicine exactly as instructed          
Pleasant/bothersome            
Acceptability a         
Ease of intake            
Palatability          
Patient expression           
Ease of preparation            
Overall perception            
  1. Concepts shown in bold are included in the conceptual model of acceptability of pediatric oral medicines
  2. NRS Numerical Rating Scale, P-OMAQ-C Pediatric Oral Medicines Acceptability Questionnaires – Caregiver, P-OMAQ-P Pediatric Oral Medicines Acceptability Questionnaires – Patient
  3. aAcceptability identified via conceptual literature review
  4. bRecall period: present moment after taking
  5. cRecall period: 7-day and 24-h