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Table 2 Distributions of the background factors, all participants and by participation in the telephone interview

From: The validity and reliability of the patient enablement instrument (PEI) after GP appointments in Finnish health care centres

   All participants, n = 483 Comparison by participation in the telephone interview
  Patients who participated in the telephone interview and were included in the test-retest analyses, n = 175a Patients who did not participate in the telephone interview, n = 254**
   Frequency Percentage Frequency Percentage Frequency Percentage
Age***
  Range 18–97   19–88   18–97  
  Mean (SD) 58.5 (19.1)   62.2 (17.2)   56.2 (20.4)  
  Data missing/NA 17 3.5 7 4.0 9 3.5
Mean PEI score immediately after the appointment
  Mean (SD) 3.78 (3.83)   4.13 (3.95)   3.81 (3.86)  
Sex
  Female 313 64.8 108 61.7 173 68.1
  Male 153 32.8 60 34.3 73 28.7
  Other 1 0.2 0 0 1 0.4
  Data missing/NA 16 3.3 7 4.0 7 2.8
Language
  Finnish 455 94.2 164 93.7 240 94.5
  Other 5 1.1 2 1.1 2 0.8
  Data missing/NA 23 4.8 9 5.1 12 4.7
Co-habitation
  Single, divorced, widowed 199 41.2 72 41.1 105 41.3
  Married, registered partnership, or common-law marriage 267 55.3 96 54.9 140 55.2
  Data missing/NA 17 3.5 7 4.0 9 3.5
Education***
  No qualifications obtained or primary education (lower-level) 119 24.9 41 23.4 65 25.6
  Upper secondary level of education (middle-level) 245 50.7 80 45.7 141 55.5
  Post-secondary or higher (higher-level) 98 20.3 47 26.9 37 14.6
  Data missing/NA 21 4.3 7 4.0 11 4.3
Working status***
  Working 92 19.0 21 12.0 61 24.0
  Retired 275 56.9 112 64.0 135 53.1
  Other (unemployed, student, other) 99 20.5 34 19.4 51 20.1
  Data missing/NA 17 3.5 8 4.6 7 2.8
State of health (self-assessment)
  Excellent 32 6.6 10 5.7 21 8.3
  Good 165 34.2 66 37.5 85 33.5
  Fair 171 35.4 60 34.3 85 33.5
  Poor 18 3.7 6 3.4 7 2.8
  Data missing/NA 97 20.1 33 18.8 56 22.0
Number of chronic illnesses***
  No chronic illness 78 16.1 22 12.6 48 18.9
  One 116 24.0 38 21.7 69 27.2
  2–3 191 39.5 80 45.7 87 34.3
  More than 3 61 12.6 26 14.9 26 11.3
  Data missing/NA 37 7.7 9 5.1 24 9.4
Number of consultation reasons***
  One 299 61.9 98 56.0 170 66.9
  More than one 170 35.2 71 40.6 77 30.3
  Data missing/NA 14 2.9 6 3.4 7 2.8
Consultation reason
  Acute 158 32.7 52 29.7 83 32.7
  Non-acute 311 64.4 117 66.9 164 64.6
  Data missing/NA 14 2.9 6 3.4 7 2.8
Location***
  Semi-rural 147 30.4 58 33.1 63 24.8
  Urban 196 40.6 78 44.6 108 42.5
  Rural 140 29.0 39 22.3 83 32.7
  1. aPatients who had not visited a doctor in the interim period and had both PEI scores available
  2. **Patients with no telephone interview and immediate PEI score available
  3. **Statistically significant difference between groups in the Chi-square test (bolded), missing values excluded from the analyses
  4. Previously published in: Tolvanen, E., Koskela, T.H. & Kosunen, E. Comparison of the Patient Enablement Instrument (PEI) with two single-item measures among Finnish Health care centre patients. BMC Health Serv Res 19, 376 (2019) doi:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-4182-2