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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of participants

From: First stage psychometric testing of a new instrument for adolescents with visual impairment: the Participation and Activity Inventory for Children and Youth (PAI-CY) 13–17 years

Variable All participants
Age, mean ± SD (range) 14.66 ± 1.49 (13–17)
Male gender, n (%) 49 (63.6)
Severity of VI, n (%)
 No VI: logMAR ≤0.3 25 (32.5)
 Mild VI: logMAR 0.31–0.52 13 (16.9)
 Moderate VI: logMAR 0.53–1.00 22 (28.6)
 Severe VI: logMAR 1.01–1.30 3 (3.9)
 Blind: logMAR ≥1.31 or visual field ≤10 degrees 11 (14.3)
 Unknown 3 (3.9)
Comorbidity, n (%) 31 (42.5)
Parent who completed the questionnaire, n (%)
 Mother 49 (67.1)
 Father 13 (17.8)
 Mother and father together 8 (11.0)
 Caretaker 3 (4.1)
Dutch nationality parent, n (%) 70 (95.9)
Education in years parent, mean ± SD (range) 11.53 ± 4.10 (0–16)
Financial situation parent, n (%)
 Usually enough money 38 (52.1)
 Just enough money 15 (20.5)
 Not enough money 8 (11.0)
 No answer 12 (16.4)
  1. SD standard deviation, VI visual impairment