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Table 1 Unweighted Sample Characteristics by Clinical Status

From: PROMIS-deaf profile measure: cultural adaptation and psychometric validation in American sign language

CharacteristicsNon ClinicalClinical
Gendern (%)
 Male341 (44.9)173 (33.4)
 Female410 (54.0)329 (63.5)
 Non-Binary8 (1.1)16 (3.1)
Subtotala759518
Agen (%)
 18–31274 (36.0)148 (28.4)
 32–48275 (36.1)166 (31.8)
 48–95212 (27.9)208 (39.8)
Subtotala761522
Racen (%)
 White499 (66.4)359 (70.1)
 Non-White253 (33.6)153 (29.9)
Subtotala752512
Educationn (%)
 High school or lower136 (18.4)124 (24.6)
 Some college157 (21.2)116 (22.8)
 College degree446 (60.4)267 (52.6)
Subtotala739508
U.S. regionn (%)
 Northeast88 (11.9)73 (14.3)
 South261 (35.3)189 (37.1)
 Midwest141 (19.1)91 (17.9)
 West250 (33.8)156 (30.6)
Subtotala740509
Preferred languagen (%)
 ASL Only353 (46.8)222 (42.7)
 ASL and English402 (53.2)298 (57.3)
Subtotala755520
Deaf identityn (%)
 Deaf530 (77.9)350 (74.5)
 Hard of Hearing150 (22.1)120 (25.5)
Subtotala680470
Functional hearingn (%)
 Can understand all or most207 (28.4)171 (34.0)
 Can understand some or little314 (43.2)219 (43.5)
 Cannot understand at all206 (28.3)114 (22.6)
Subtotala727504
Listening devicen (%)
 Do not use405 (59.5)274 (59.1)
 Hearing aids225 (33.0)153 (33.0)
 Cochlear implants47 (6.9)36 (7.8)
 Other types4 (0.6)1 (0.2)
Subtotala681464
  1. aMissing responses are not included in the subtotal