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Table 5 PROMs used in HNC studies, reasons for inclusion and exclusion

From: What are the optimal measures to identify anxiety and depression in people diagnosed with head and neck cancer (HNC): a systematic review

PROMsUsed in HNC studies?Reason for exclusionReason for selection
Anxiety PROMs
 HADSAverage content coverage 
 STAIFailed to differentiate participants with or without anxiety disorders 
 SAS Excellent content coverage and good psychometrics
 BAIAverage content coverage 
 MASQNoAverage content coverage 
 DASS 21Average content coverage 
 Duke-ADNoAverage content coverage 
 BSI-18Average content coverage 
 GAD-7Average content coverage 
Depression PROMs
 HADSPoor content coverage 
 QIDS-SRNo clinical cut-off for cancer patients 
 SDS Excellent content coverage and psychometrics
 BDIItems on body image and hypochondriasis which could confound with effects from treatment 
 CES-DAverage content coverage 
 PHQ-9 Excellent content coverage and psychometrics
 GDS-SFNo clinical cut-off for cancer patients 
 BSI-18Average content coverage 
 Duke-ADNoPoor content coverage 
 MDINoNo clinical cut-off for cancer patients 
 CDSNoPoor psychometrics 
 DASS 21Poor content coverage 
  1. - Yes
  2. HADS Hospital anxiety and depression scale, STAI State trait anxiety inventory, SAS Zung self-rating anxiety scale, BAI Beck Anxiety inventory, MASQ Mood and anxiety symptom questionnaire, DASS 21 Depression anxiety stress scale −21, Duke-AD Duke anxiety depression scale, BSI-18 Brief symptom inventory −18, GAD-7 Generalized anxiety disorder – 7
  3. QIDS-SR Quick inventory of Depressive Symptomatology self-report, SDS Zung self-rating depression scale, BDI Beck Depression inventory, CES-D Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire −9, GDS-SF Geriatric Depression Scale – Short form, MDI Major depression inventory; CDS Carroll Rating Scale for Depression