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Table 3 Example of a quality indicator

From: Development of a framework with tools to support the selection and implementation of patient-reported outcome measures

DefinitionThe proportion of patients who underwent surgery and have a pain score ≤ 4 at 24 h after surgery
RationalePain reduction is an important goal in care after surgery. Pain management should be aimed at reducing pain to an acceptable level of ≤4 on a numeric rating scale (NRS).
NumeratorThe number of patients who underwent surgery and had a pain measurement ≤4 at 24 h after surgery
DenominatorAll patients who underwent surgery and had a pain measurement at 24 h after surgery
SpecificationPain is measured in all patients at 24 h after surgery, using an 11-point numeric rating scale (NRS) with 0 points being no pain at all, and 10 points being unbearable pain
Norm> 80% of the patients should have a pain level of ≤4 at 24 h after surgery
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