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Table 3 Regression analysis of self-reported general health (EQ VAS 0–100) on sociodemographic variables (Model 1), and functional capacity (Model 2), and mood (Model 3), and illness perceptions (Model 4)

From: Perception of illness among patients with heart failure is related to their general health independently of their mood and functional capacity

Predictors Model 1
(n = 192)
Model 2
(n = 181)
Model 3
(n = 180)
Model 4
(n = 177)
β (p) β (p) β (p) β (p)
Step 1: Socio-demographics
 Age (years) .02 (.78) .07 (.38) .01 (.95) −.08 (.29)
 Sex (reference: male) −.04 (.62) .03 (.72) .04 (.57) .02 (.76)
 Education (reference: < 12 years) .09 (.26) .06 (.39) .04 (.54) .07 (.23)
 Work (reference: not working) .26 (.003) .16 (.050) .14 (.07) .07 (.29)
Step 2: Functional capacity
 NYHA Class II (reference: NYHA Class I)   .41 (<.001) .33 (<.001) .14 (.052)
 NYHA Class III (reference: NYHA Class I)   .14 (.068) .11 (.134) −.02 (.73
Step 3: Mood states
 Anxiety Borderline (reference: normal 0–7)    −.07 (.33) −.02 (.83)
 Anxiety Morbidity (reference: normal 0–7)    −.01 (.93) .02 (.80)
 Depression Borderline (reference: normal 0–7)    −.16 (.02) −.12 (.08)
 Depression Morbidity (reference: normal 0–7)    −.34 (<.001) −.27 (<.001)
Step 3: Illness perceptions (BIPQ)
 Consequences     −.30 (<.001)
 Timeline     .04 (.49)
 Personal control     .17 (.012)
 Treatment control     −.04 (.56)
 Identity     −.21 (.008)
 Concern     −.05 (.57)
 Coherence     −.02 (.76)
 Emotional representation     .10 (.26)
Model-specific explained variance (R2adj) .055 .172 .297 .441
  1. Note. Bold p-values are < .05