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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of not-at-risk and at-risk mothers 2 months after birth

From: Maternal confidence after birth in at-risk and not-at-risk mothers: internal and external validity of the Danish version of the Karitane Parenting Confidence Scale (KPCS)

  All (n = 695) Not-at-risk (n = 488) At-risk (n = 207)
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Mother age***a 30.14 4.00 30.54 3.87 29.09 4.15
Gestational age in weeks 39.71 1.74 40.05 1.16 38.94 2.47
EPDS (0–30) 4.59 3.36 3.46 2.00 7.14 4.29
PSS (0–90) 32.38 7.78 31.20 6.70 35.16 9.33
Background variables N % N % N %
Smoker**b 28 4 12 2 16 8
Non-smoker**b 658 95 471 97 187 90
No information 9 1 5 1 4 2
Boy 340 49 228 47 112 54
Girl 350 50 255 52 95 46
No information 5 1 5 1 1 0
Short education (grade 9 or 10) 85 12 0 0 85 41
Long education (>grade 10) 608 87 486 100 122 59
No information 2 0 2 0 0 0
  1. *** p < 0.000; ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05; a = independent t-test comparing at-risk and not-at-risk mothers; b = Chi-square test comparing at-risk and not-at-risk mothers