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Table 2 Thematic coverage of perceived barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence in the included patient-report instruments

From: A review of HIV-specific patient-reported measures of perceived barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence: what themes are they covering?

Framework (sub)theme Instrumenta
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 %b
Cognitive & emotional aspects -Affect                 71
-Beliefs                   63
-Acceptance                                 10
-Motivation                               19
-Knowledge                              32
Lifestyle factors -Demands & organization of daily life      88
-Substance use                           35
Social & material context -Relations with others                               29
-HIV stigma & privacy                     61
-Challenging material circumstances                                26
Characteristics of ART -Side effects             81
-Instructions                    61
-Physical features                                19
Health experience & state -Bodily signals                      52
-Medical signs of HIV/general health                               10
-Comorbidity                                 10
Healthcare services & system -Patient-provider relationship                                 6
-HIV clinic issues                                 3
-Pharmacy issues                                 6
-Health insurance                                 10
Breadth (/6) 5 5 5 6 4 3 5 5 2 4 3 3 4 3 1 5 5 5 5 3 6 4 6 5 6 5 5 5 5 4 3  
Depth (/20) 7 10 9 12 7 3 8 8 2 6 4 4 7 6 1 8 8 7 9 3 14 6 11 9 8 8 6 10 9 4 3  
  1. Each dot represents the presence of at least one item covering the given subtheme within a specific instrument
  2. aNumber assigned to the instrument, as in Table 1
  3. bPercentage of instruments containing representation of a given subtheme