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Table 1 Demographic data and clinical characteristics of participating children and parents

From: Health-related quality of life, culture and communication: a comparative study in children with cancer in Argentina and Sweden

Characteristics Participants X2 between countries’1 Argentina X2 within Argentinaa Sweden X2 within Swedena
Total number, n (%) 58   30 (51.7)   28 (48.3)  
Gender distribution, n (%)   0.451   0.201   0.851
 Female 24 (41.4)   11 (36.7)   13 (46.4)  
 Male 34 (58.6)   19 (63.3)   15 (53.6)  
Age groups, mean (sd) 8.67 (5.1) 0.801 8.67(5.18) 1.001 8.68 (5.16) 1.001
 2–4 years 19 (32.8)   10 (33.3)   9 (32.1)  
 5–7 years 10 (17.2)   4 (13.3)   6 (21.4)  
 8–12 years 10 (17.2)   6 (20.0)   4 (14.3)  
 13–18 years 19 (32.8)   10 (33.3)   9 (32.1)  
Diagnostic groups, n (%)   0.111   p < 0.0001   0.241
 I Leukaemia 33 (56.9)   21 (70.0) p = 0.004 12 (42.9)  
 II Solid tumours 17 (29.3)   6 (20.0) I-II 11 (39.3)  
 III CNS tumours 8(13.8)   3 (10.0) p < 0.001 I-III 5 (17.9)  
Treatment modality, n (%)   0.121   p < 0.0001   0.351
 I Chemotherapy 42 (72.4)   25 (83.3) p < 0.0001 I-II 17 (60.7)  
 II Combined therapy 16 (27.6)   5 (16.7)   11 (39.3)  
Time since diagnosis (months), mean (sd) 10.7 (8.7) 0.671 10.9 (8.1)   10.5(9.5)  
Completed questionnaires, n (%)   0.771   p < 0.0001   p < 0.0001
 I Female (F) 43 (74.1)   23 (76.7) p < 0.0001 I-II 20 (71.4) p < 0.0001 I-II
 II Male (M) 10 (17.2)   5 (16.7)   5 (17.9)  
 Both parents 4 (6.9)   2 (6.7)   2 (7.1)  
 Grandparent 1 (1.7)   0   1 (3.6)  
Parents/Couples employment, n (%) 116 p < 0.0001 60 (51.7) p < 0.0001 56 (48.3) p = 0.045
 I Work tasks; post-secondary education 41 (35.3)   16 (26.7)   25 (44.6) p = 0.045 I-II (F)
p = 0.012 I-III (F)
 II Work tasks; no post-secondary education 39 (33.6)   17 (28.3)   22 (39.3)  
 III Unemployed 32 (27.6) p < 0.0001 I-III (F) 24 (40.0) p = 0.005 I-III (F) 8 (14.3)  
    p < 0.001 II-III (F)   
  p < 0.0001 I-II (F)   p = 0.048 II-III (M)   
 Not stated 4 (3.4)   3(5.0)   1(18)  
  1. aTested for difference in proportions by %2 test or in cases of small numbers, Fisher’s exact test. Significant differences are highlighted in bold type, 1Non significant F female, M male