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Table 2 Physical signs and symptoms by gender and weight class

From: Development of the Weight-Related Sign and Symptom Measure

Sign/symptom experienced n (%) Gender Overweight/Obesity Class
Men n = 29 Women n = 32 Overweight n = 16 Obese Class I n = 16 Obese Class II n = 13 Obese Class III n = 16
Feeling tired 20 (69) 25 (78) 13 (81) 11 (69) 11 (85) 10 (63)
Shortness of breath 17 (59) 25 (78) 10 (63) 11 (69) 10 (77) 11 (69)
Joint pain 16 (55) 23 (72) 9 (56) 11 (69) 8 (62) 11 (69)
Back pain 15 (52) 18 (56) 5 (31) 10 (63) 10 (77) 8 (50)
Low physical stamina 13 (45) 19 (59) 10 (63) 10 (63) 10 (77) 2 (13)
Trouble sleeping 13 (45) 10 (31) 5 (31) 5 (31) 4 (31) 9 (56)
Sensitivity to heat 9 (31) 12 (38) 5 (31) 3 (19) 11 (85) 2 (13)
Low energy 6 (21) 13 (41) 2 (13) 5 (31) 8 (62) 4 (25)
Snoring 10 (34) 4 (13) 3 (19) 3 (19) 3 (23) 5 (31)
General body discomfort 8 (28) 5 (16) 4 (25) 3 (19) 2 (15) 4 (25)
Acid reflux 1 (3) 11 (34) 3 (19) 2 (13) 5 (38) 2 (13)
Increased thirst 7 (24) 5 (16) 4 (25) 2 (13) 2 (15) 4 (25)
Heavy sweating 5 (17) 6 (19) 2 (13) 2 (13) 6 (46) 1 (6)
Frequent urination 7 (24) 3 (9) 4 (25) 3 (19) 1 (8) 2 (13)
Foot pain 4 (14) 4 (13) 0 (0) 4 (25) 2 (15) 2 (13)
Muscle aches 5 (17) 3 (9) 2 (13) 2 (13) 2 (15) 2 (13)
Protruding abdomen 3 (10) 5 (16) 3 (19) 5 (31) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Low sexual desire 3 (10) 5 (16) 2 (13) 2 (13) 1 (8) 3 (19)
Swelling/inflammation 3 (10) 4 (13) 0 (0) 4 (25) 1 (8) 2 (13)
Lightheadedness 7 (24) 0 (0) 3 (19) 4 (25) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Water retention 2 (7) 4 (13) 3 (19) 0 (0) 2 (15) 1 (6)
Balance problems 5 (17) 0 (0) 1 (6) 3 (19) 1 (8) 0 (0)
Skin irritation 2 (7) 3 (9) 1 (6) 4 (25) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Urine leakage 1 (3) 3 (9) 0 (0) 3 (19) 1 (8) 0 (0)
Immune system 3 (10) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (19)
Increased appetite 1 (3) 2 (6) 2 (13) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (6)
Injury prone 2 (7) 1 (3) 1 (6) 2 (13) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Sexual functioning 0 (0) 3 (9) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (15) 1 (6)
Headaches 2 (7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (13) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Hormonal issues 0 (0) 2 (6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (13)
Sensitivity to cold 0 (0) 2 (6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (8) 1 (6)
Blurry vision 1 (3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (6)
Poor circulation 0 (0) 1 (3) 0 (0) 1 (6) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Tingling in limbs 0 (0) 1 (3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (6)
Varicose/spider veins 0 (0) 1 (3) 1 (6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)